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José María Eça de Queiroz

Author, Portuguese
José Maria de Eça de Queiroz was born in 1845 in the small town of Povoa de Varzim in the north of Portugal. He entered the diplomatic service in 1872, with postings to Havana, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Briston, and, finally, Paris, where he served for two years until his death in 1900. During his all-too-brief life he published four novels and one novella: The Crime of Father Amaro (three versions: 1875, 1876, and 1880), Cousin Bazilio (1878), The Mandarin (1880), The Relic (1887), and The Maias (1888). He was interested in social reform and is remembered for introducing naturalism and realism to Portugal. (Photo credit: image courtesy of Agenda Cultural de Lisboa)